PREVIEW: Organs of Paris built by Cavaillé-Coll
This section (still under construction) presents the organs in Paris built by Aristide Cavaillé-Coll. Choir-organs are excluded, as we will devote another section of this site to this particular group of organs.
As the number of Cavaillé-Coll organs in Paris is very large, it will take some time before we have finished this section of our site. Those organs listed below with a link are reviewed, the others will follow the next months/years.
The work of Cavaillé-Coll can be distinghuised into three distinct periods*:
- the early work with the post-classical organs
- the middle from 1851 to 1871 during the Second Empire ('the operatic period')
- the late works during the Third Republic ('symphonic' period).
So, note that a Cavaillé-Coll organ is not per se synonomous with a 'symphonic' organ according to this classification!
Eight organs were built in the ´post-classical´ period.
Fourteen organs were built during 1851-1871, the 'operatic' period.
Sixteen were built in the later years, the ´symphonic´ period.
Eightteen organs were built by the successor of Cavaillé-Coll, Mutin (and his successors: Convers and Pleyel).
Quite a few (mostly smaller) instruments can be described as more or less 'authentic', being altered hardy during the years, or being restored to their original state:
Congrégation du Bon secours de Paris (1850)
Chapelle Notre-Dame de l'Hôpital du Val-de-Grâce (1853)
Chapelle de la Fondation Eugène-Napoléon (1857)
Congrégation des Lazaristes (Chapelle Saint-Vincent-de-Paul) (1864)
l'Église Évangélique Luthérienne de la Résurrection (1866)
Charenton-le-Pont, Chapelle de Conflans (1866)
l'Opéra de Paris-Garnier (1875)
St. Clodoald (St. CLoud) (1977)
Chapelle Notre-Dame-de-la-Médaille-Miraculeuse (1880)
Maison de la Congrégation des Sacrés-Coeurs et de l'Adoration Perpétuelle (1880)
Notre-Dame d'Auteuil (1885) (although electrified and extended later)
Charenton-le-Pont, Saint-Pierre (1891)
Saint-Martin des Champs (1893)
l'Église de la Mission Espagnole (1897)
Basilique du Sacré-Coeur (1898)
St Augustin(1899, rebuilt of an organ made by Barker)
l'Église Luthérienne Saint-Jean (1911)
l'Église Réformée de l'Étoile (1917)
Chapelle des Soeurs Auxiliatrices (1926)
Paris has the honour to house as much as 12 great Cavaillé-Colls (more than 45 stops).
Only four of them are in a more or less 'authentic' state, as listed above:
St-Denis** (1841, III/89)
Notre-Dame-d'Auteuil(1855, III/53) (although electrified)
St-Sulpice (1862, V/102)
Basilique du Sacré-Coeur (1898, IV/79)
Eight are severly changed during the years and/or electrified:
Sainte-Madeleine (1846, III/58)
Saint-Vincent-de-Paul (1852, III/66)
Sainte-Clotilde (1859, III/71)
Notre-Dame-de-Paris (1867, V/113)
Sainte-Trinité (1868, III/61)
l'Institut National des Jeunes Aveugles - Orgue de la salle Marchal (1885, IV/64)
Cathédrale Américaine de Paris (1887, IV/72)
Other organs built by Cavaillé-Coll, but (severely) changed afterwards:
Chapelle de Jésus Enfant Paris VII
Temple Pentemont (1846)
Notre Dame des Champs (1877)
Insitut National des Jeunes Aveugles (1884)
Saint Ignace (1891)
Genealogy of the Cavaillé-Coll family [72 KB]
Aristide Cavaillé-Coll, facteur d'orgues à Paris [136 KB]
The organs of Cavaillé-Coll in Chile (in Spanish)
Website of the Cavaillé-Coll Association
* classification into these three periods is derived from Kurt Lueders
** stricly spoken, St-Denis is a suburb Paris and should therefore not be part of this review....